More, Sir Thomas

More, Sir Thomas
   Statesman, Political Philosopher, Saint and Martyr.
   More was educated at the University of Oxford, England, and trained as a lawyer. He became a Member of Parliament in 1504 and rose to be Lord Chancellor, succeeding Cardinal wolsey in 1529. He was a personal friend of humanists such as colet and erasmus and members of his household were painted by the artist Holbein. He was the author of Utopia, a description of an ideal state governed by natural law; this is still read today. He was a devout Roman Catholic and went so far as to compose a theological refutation of the ideas of Martin luther. However, he incurred the displeasure of King Henry VIII by opposing his plans for the divorce of his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. In 1532 he resigned the Lord Chancellorship and in 1534 he was imprisoned in the Tower of London for refusing to take the oath of the Act of Succession. In the following year he was accused of high treason on the (untrue) grounds that he had opposed the Act of Supremacy and, after his conviction, he was executed. He was canonised in 1935. More remains a significant figure in English mythology. In recent times his life has been successfully dramatised by Robert Bolt as A Man for all Seasons, which became a popular film.
   Thomas More, Utopia [many editions];
   A.J.P. Kenny, Thomas More (1983);
   M.J. Moore (ed.), Quincentennial Essays on St Thomas More (1978);
   G. Rupp, Thomas More: The King’s Good Servant (1978).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

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  • More,Sir Thomas — More (môr, mōr), Sir Thomas. 1478 1535. English politician, humanist scholar, and writer who refused to comply with the Act of Supremacy, by which English subjects were enjoined to recognize Henry VIII s authority over the pope, and was… …   Universalium

  • More, Sir Thomas — ▪ English humanist and statesman Introduction also called  Saint Thomas More   born February 7, 1478, London, England died July 6, 1535, London; canonized May 19, 1935; feast day June 22  English humanist (humanism) and statesman, chancellor of… …   Universalium

  • MORE, Sir Thomas — (1477/78 1535) Known throughout the world for his authorship of Utopia, Thomas More wrote humanist, polemical, and devotional works in Latin and English. Lawyer, politician, humanist, statesman, and lord chancellor, he was executed on grounds of… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

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  • Sir Thomas More (play) — Sir Thomas More is an Elizabethan play by Anthony Munday and others that depicts the life of Thomas More. It survives only in a single manuscript, now owned by the British Library. Its main claim to fame is that three pages of it may have been… …   Wikipedia

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